As a support to the construction sector and in the direction of building the capacities of the employees in the construction sector for the implementation of the energy efficiency parameters in the buildings the Project “Toward market-oriented skills for sustainable energy efficient construction” (TRAINEE) started which is realized within the European programme “Horizon 2020”.
- The activities of the project are planned in several areas with the objective to achieve a larger number of the results foreseen to be achieved by the realization of the call. Hence, one segment of performing the activities is towards further improvement of the skills of the construction workers for building energy efficient facilities via training and re-qualification with the aim to achieve the energy efficiency parameters of the EU “Strategy 2020”. In that sense, the TRAINEE Project upgrades the results achieved in the two previous projects- “Training of construction workers on energy efficiency 2014-2016” and “Building the energy efficiency skills 2012-2013” by developing training schemes and expanding the trainings and the construction professionals- architects, engineers and technicians- stated Jadranka Arizankovska, senior advisor in the Economic Chamber of Macedonia, at the press conference of the Chamber (10.9.2018).
Via the activities within the Project, an acceptance of the upgraded skills of the construction workers by the market will be initiated via establishing cooperation with different professional groups. One of the tasks is to support the need of using qualified workforce in the construction with proposals for correcting the legislation and in the direction of meeting the standards set in the Rulebook on energy characteristics of the buildings.
- In order for the number of energy efficient buildings in Macedonia to increase and this process to become sustainable, it is necessary for the workforce on the labor market to be trained. Therefore, an Educational Center will be created within the Project that is to create conditions for the continuous process of training of the workers, technicians and engineers. Furthermore, with the assistance of domestic and foreign experts, trainings on the “BIM” (Building Information Modeling) will be developed, which is a novelty in our country- stated professor Hristina Spasevska, PhD, professor at the Faculty for electrical technology and information technologies within the SS. Cyril and Methodius University and President of the Engineering Institution of Macedonia.
The construction sector is specific because a large number of the workers do not have a formal education or they do not have official documents about the skills they have. That makes the companies uncompetitive in the business, while the workforce is uncompetitive on the labor market. The challenge for us is to be able to recognize the skills of the workers, technicians and engineers via them being certified and to hold accredited trainings that will be made in accordance with the needs of the investors, construction companies and professional organizations.
The certified trainings in the Educational Center will be developed for all vocations in the construction sector, as well as for all levels of qualifications, from workers to engineers, which encompasses about 10 vocations, and they should upgrade their knowledge on energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy, particularly in the field of using solar energy. It is expected, within the Project, about 500 professionals to take up these trainings, 150 of whom are technicians, 80 construction engineers, 20 projector technicians for photovoltaic systems and solar heat collectors and 250 workers.
The methodology for recognizing their knowledge and skills was already applied in the previous projects, including about 1100 workers from the construction sector. Now, this methodology will be also developed for the engineers. Macedonia is a leader in the region in the implementation of the methodology for recognizing the knowledge and the skills and our experiences are quoted at a European level.
35 sessions for recognizing the knowledge and skills will be organized in which 200 companies and 10 educational institutions will be included. To increase the visibility, a list will be made of certified trainings and publicly available registry of 10 training providers, 240 certified trainers, 80 certified engineers and about 1500 technicians and workers. Two international workshops and one international conference with 100 participants will be organized to promote these activities.
With the objective to have a multidisciplinary approach to the sustainable construction, the application of BIM tools, building information modeling tools, at a national level will be initiated. The introduction of the application of the building information modeling, which is one of the requests of the new public procurement rules of the European Commission in the field of construction, will be implemented by initiating a comprehensive activity for raising the awareness of all stakeholders from the construction sector (construction companies, engineers, architects, workers), and of the investors and responsible governmental institutions, as well as of the end users of the building, via a series of activities, workshops, seminars and other promotional events. The aim is, via the application of the BIM tools, the energy consumption savings to be shown, which is a result of the application of the energy efficiency measures in the construction process.
“BIM” is an intelligent process/platform for cooperation and central projecting, modeling, planning in architecture, construction and other engineering stages. The “BIM” process develops the building in a 3D model and then all the participants in the Project can contribute, include their projects, analyze and calculate the costs. The “BIM” process makes an overview of the building in the course of its overall living cycle and in this way it provides a lot of benefits. Within the activities about 30 interested companies will get education and concrete directions for implementing the “BIM” system.
- Judging from the previous experience, it can be estimated that with the implementation of the BIM-process in the construction, significant financial savings can be made, from 15 to 25% of the total value of the investment in the building- said Igor Panchevski, expert in the field of energy efficiency from ZBK Kreacija.
Following the example of England and the Netherlands, the European Commission also works on applying the public procurement legislation.
The project will have to pilot study cases where 4 buildings will be chosen where the BIM process and part of the BIM tools that will be additionally developed are to be implemented within the Project.